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    Infrastructure



    Traffic infrastructure

    Regarding traffic development, the Municipality of Smederevo and the very City of Smederevo has a number of convenient conditions in almost all traffic aspects. Many traffic lines important for Europe, Republic, Region and Municipality itself cross here. The most important component is  vicinity of two important European traffic corridors, the land one - x and the water one - VII. This fact adds to the quality and enables multimodality of traffic aspects which provide an additional developmental opportunity for Smederevo as a regional center of Serbia.
    Traffic significance of Republic values, besides European ones, is provided by other arterial connections, especially the road M-24 or ’Banat direction’, and railway line of prime relevance with an important hub in Mala Krsna.

    Road infrastructure

    Smederevo confirms its traffic legality of regional importance, beside mentioned corridors, with the regional road lines: R109, R100, R109b and R214, R202, R214. Regional line M1.10 is also important. The City of Smederevo is one of few Serbian cities with transit roads away from urban center. All these traffic characteristics enable favourable development of the villages  around Smederevo.

    The basis of the road infrastructure in the Municipality of Smederevo consists of regional and local roads and the section of the arterial road, along which both urban and suburban traffic take place. Transit traffic takes place on the highway E-75 which divides the municipal territory to northern and southern part, along arterial road M-24 and on the roundabout route. The total length of the arterial, regional and local roads in the territory of the Smederevo Municipality is 221 km. The Municipality of Smederevo is characterized by the developed network of the arterial and regional roads and solid network of local roads.
    In conclusion, Smederevo is, thanks to the traffic position, a European city, an important Republic center, a regional center and the center of Municipality.

    Particular investments are expected for the Port of Smederevo, railway line and the  hub of Mala Krsna, modernization and equipment of Highway with its supporting contents, reconstruction and modernization of regional roads and conception of air-traffic. At the local level, the following investment priorities should be underlined: investments in the city traffic network with a particular stess on the bus station and railway station, main city communications, investments in stationary traffic (car park arrangements), as well as in public urban transportation, local roads, especially their modernization and other.

    Rail transportation and infrastructure.

    Railway traffic is a significant municipal traffic system element. Almost all railroad ranks are present in the system. Thus, main direction is the railway line E-85 Belgrade-Mala Krsna-Niš, which divides the Municipality to two parts, north and south one. The railroad is of the highest technological level in the country and connects Smederevo to Europe and the development backbone in the Republic, corridor X. The railway hub Mala Krsna is one of the most perspective in the Republic. Through it, the spur track connects the Municipality to the East of the Republic, direction Požarevac – Bor and the City of Smederevo. The Smederevo Municipality has 1.7 railway stations per 100 km² while Republic has 0.8. In the Republic, the density of the railroad network is 4.3 km/100 km², while that indicator for the Municipality of Smederevo is 11.8.

    In the economic sense, the railway traffic is the strongest traffic branch of economy and in the late 80-ies around 50% of the employees in the traffic branch was employed at the railway system. The future image and development opportunity of Smederevo in the railway traffic is the announced modernization of the railway traffic in the Republic and realistically planned connection Pančevo-Kovin-Mala Krsna which would promote Smederevo into even more important railway hub and  relieve Belgrade hub.

    The railway hubs consist of seven stations: Smederevo, Radinac, Mala Krsna, Osipaonica, Skobalj, Vranovo an Kolari, and six stops: Godomin, Vranovo, Osipaonica, Lugavčina, Skobalj and Ralja.

    Air traffic

    This aspect of traffic is also regarded as a development potential since there is a development center in one, now sport – tourist airport. Its perspective is especially seen in a very favourable position in relation to the position of other development points  of port, railway station and whole industry. This airport can very quickly grow into a tourist – business airport with maintained sport and agricultural role.

    River traffic

    The importance of this traffic aspect in the Municipality of Smederevo has coordinated intensity. Although it has had a decisive importance for the locations of some strategical economic capacities in developmental and traffic sense, its present role is less than what is possible in the future. The passenger port issue is a current topic in regard to tourism development as well as an adequate treatment of the freight port.

    Infrastructure of the river traffic of the Municipality of Smederevo consists of Danube waterway, old port, marina, new port, terminal for liquid Jugopetrol loads, as well as smaller piers (gravel pits) which are located along the bank in the industrial zone.

    The port is registered for international traffic and is located in the very center of the City. It has reloading capacities which can realize 1.5 milions of freight tons a year. The Municipality has significant development options in the area of river traffic, freight and passenger alike.

    Utility infrastructure

    Water and sewage

    Water reticulation
    - 300 km of water reticulation in the City and residential areas
    - 70,000 inhabitants connected (coverage is 63.74%)
    - Annual water production – 8,666,895 m³ (271 l/s)

    Sewerage  reticulation
    - 150 km of sewerage reticulation
    - 50,000 inhabitants connected (coverage 45.50 %)
    - Estimated discharge annually – 4,602,326 m³ (146 l/s)

    Atmosphere sewerage
    -exists in the City and some residential areas distant from sanitary water, but not sufficient
    - it is constantly being improved

    In the Municipality of Smederevo , there are preparations and realization of large projects in the field of water supply and collecting and processing waste waters, such as: extending water and sewerage reticulation, construction of tank and pump stations for improvement  of water supply of 2nd and 3d elevation zones has been completed, construction of the central City collector is in progress as well as construction of the central plant for waste water purification.

    District heating

    Public Communal Enterprises ’Stambeno’  and  ’Toplifikacija’  attend to the thermal energy supplies for households and businesses. In the system there are 12 block boiler-rooms with 28 boiler plants. 4,499 users (flats and households) are connected to the distant heating system as well as 9,017 users (business premises). Boiler plants are being converted to use gas instead of masut.

    The Municipality is supplied with natural gas through the arterial gasline Pančevo-Smederevo with the designed capacity of 140 milion m³. Gasline is considered not sufficiently exploited in the economic system and the City primary and secondary reticulation construction is in progress.

    √ Power infrastructure

    Electrical energy supply of the Municipality of Smederevo is carried out by the EPS transmission system through long-distance pipelines from Đerdap Hydro-electric power plants, thermo-electric power plants near Morava and Kostolac. They all make electric power system of the Republic. System maintenance and development is performed by the enterprise ’Elektromorava’ with the registered office in Požarevac. The main starting points are based on the following:
    - powerful transmission reticulation with pipelines of different voltage levels which adequately cover main consumer zones of the City of Smederevo and the U.S.S. Serbia, and sub-stations TS ’Smederevo 3’ 400/220/110 kV, TS ’Smederevo 1 and 2’ 110/35 and EBP Vodanj;
    - relatively good distribution network whose parts and TS 10/0.4 kV require reconstruction and updating;